Vector-borne Infectious Diseases in Climate Change Investigations (VICCI):
Project 3: Study and epidemiological Computermodelling on vector-borne infectious diseases in Bavaria
Dr. Philippe G. de Mendonça and Prof . Kurt Pfister,
Comparative Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, LMU Munich, Munich
Landscape is made of a mosaic of diverse biotope types, e.g. woodland, fields or built-up areas. Woodland habitat has been investigated intensively for many years by various research projects (e.g. the EDEN project), whereas open landscape (e.g. fields and meadows) received comparatively little attention.
The latter one however represents a large proportion of the European and Bavarian landscape. Many species of mammals and birds live there or make use of such biotopes for foraging. Fields and meadows are therefore an important meeting point between wildlife, domestic animals and humans. This is where pathogens may leave their so called ‘sylvatic cycle’ to enter the ‘domestic cycle’, thus becoming a cause of concern to both animal and public health.
Ticks act as a bridge for pathogens between wild animals and domestic hosts. A (relatively) simple system involving ticks, tick-borne pathogens, wild reservoirs hosts (e.g. voles, birds, foxes, or deer) and domestic animals (e.g. cats) already constitutes a rich field of investigation, thus providing the opportunity to develop epidemiological models of progressively increasing complexity. Data collected in the field and provided by additional laboratory analyses are the parameters required for efficient computer modelling encompassing the real variability of nature. Such models make it possible to explore the inter-relations between the various actors of the epidemiological system and thus further our understanding of disease transmission, thus potentially improving our ability to forecast disease spread or outbreak. This is precisely the aims and activities of module 3 of the VICCI integrative project funded by the Bavarian Ministry for Environment and Public Health.
- VICCI collaborative research project: aim, background, contact persons
Other VICCI Projects
- VICCI Project 1: Prospective Study on the Presence of Borrelia burgdorferi s.l. species in Ixodes ricinus in Bavaria
- VICCI Project 2: Monitoring Tick activity in Recreational Areas: Temporal and Spacial Dynamics and Dependence on Environmental Factors
- VICCI Project 4: Risk assessment of tick-borne diseases in bavarian public parks
- VICCI Project 5: Study on the presence of rodent-transmitted zoonoses along a climate gradient in the Bavarian Forest National Park
- VICCI Project 6: Autochthonous Leishmaniasis in Bavaria: Studies of Vector Prevalence and of Animal Reservoirs
- VICCI Project 7: Biogeographical analysis of health-relevant species and projection of their spreading tendencies under changing climatic conditions in Bavaria
- VICCI Project 8.1: Study Center
- VICCI Project 8.2: Population-based epidemiological risk assessment for lyme disease, hantavirus and leishmaniasis in Bavaria in the context of climate change
- VICCI Project 8.3: Project Coordination